September’s birthstone, the sapphire, is one of the “Big Four” - the four most sought after, valued and prized gemstones in the world. Its extravagant blue hues make for a gemstone like no other. One way this stone was formed took place millions of years ago in the earth’s crust when metamorphic rocks were exposed to extreme pressure and heat. Over time, these rocks became corundum. Sapphires are a variety of corundum which is a mineral.

Sapphires have made their mark throughout history with Greek mythological figures, explorers, royalty and more. Along with a famous background, September’s birthstone comes in a variety of colors and qualities that sparkle in rings, necklaces, earrings and more! This gem has varying symbolism behind it which originates from across the seas.

Blue lab created sapphire yellow gold bracelet
Featuring: Sapphire Jewelry by JTV

Sapphire’s Famous History

Throughout history, some prominent figures such as Helen of Troy, King Solomon, Marco Polo and Charlemagne supposedly all sported September’s birthstone. For a more modern celebrity, you cannot forget about Princess Diana who wore a sapphire engagement ring that was given to her by Prince Charles. The famous ring would later be passed down to her daughter-in-law, Kate Middleton. With a deep blue sapphire at the middle surrounded by diamonds and set in a white gold band, this treasure is a sight for sore eyes.  

Aside from the famous people who have been associated with sapphire, this gemstone has a few stars of its own. The Star of India, Star of Adam and Star of Bombay are all sapphires with a distinct star shape on them. This effect is called asterism which is a reflection effect that seems to show two or more bands of light intersecting across the surface of a gem. 

Star sapphire that reflects the shape of a star on its surface
Featuring: Sri Lankan Star Sapphire

The Colors & Properties of September’s Birthstone

Sapphire Coloring

If you are a fan of sapphires but not the well known blue color, you are in luck! Deep blue is just one of many astonishing colors of sapphire. These other shades, like purple, hot pink, lime-green or orange, come from the presence of trace elements. When someone says “sapphire,” they typically are referring to the blue stone. The other shades of sapphire are referred to as “fancy sapphires.” The one shade this precious stone does not come in is red. If a sapphire is red, then it is likely a ruby which is pretty easy to distinguish. When different elements appear in this mineral, you get different gemstone colors. If iron is the only element, you will get a purple gem, but if iron and chromium appear, the gem will be orange.

A matching set of a pink sapphire necklace and ring in yellow gold
Featuring: Sapphire Jewelry by JTV

Properties of a Sapphire

The gemstone itself can withstand a lot thanks to scoring a nine on the Mohs Hardness Scale. Sapphires take second place right behind diamonds which makes it pretty durable yet still breathtaking for September birthstone jewelry.

The birthstone of September can be found in all corners of the world, which results in different qualities and sizes. For instance, Australia yields some of the largest sapphires while Sri Lanka’s sapphires are known to be of the highest quality. Some other locations include: Thailand, China, Madagascar, Nigeria, Cambodia and Tanzania. With a growing number of sources for sapphire, that means a variety to choose from! 

Multiple sapphire gemstones in various colors
Featuring: Sapphires in blue, yellow and green

The Meanings & Symbolism Behind September’s Birthstone

The sapphire has more to offer than what meets the eye. Taking a deeper dive into the world of September’s birthstone, there are multiple symbols and beliefs about this mineral. Sapphire symbolizes faithfulness, truth and sincerity while also believed to bring wisdom, joy and peace to its wearer. 

The owner of a sapphire can also celebrate in the belief that this gem is traditionally thought to protect its wearers from harm, jealousy and vices. September’s birthstone has a symbolic role in multiple religions such as Christianity, Islam and Buddhism. Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, apparently wore a sapphire talisman containing a piece of the cross that Jesus was crucified upon.

Across the ocean, India has its own set of beliefs about sapphire’s significance. If this gemstone was worn as a pendant, the owner was thought to be protected from evil spirits. On the other hand, a sapphire could offer medicinal benefits by being placed in water to create an elixir. 

In some cultures, if someone is dealing with a troubling circumstance, sapphires supposedly help one to overcome these obstacles. 

Blue lab created sapphire ring set in yellow gold
Featuring: Blue Sapphire Ring by JTV

Sapphires in Jewelry

As stated previously, a sapphire has been used in engagement rings, but that is not the only piece of jewelry that a sapphire can adorn. With its rainbow of shades, sapphires look great in sterling silver, yellow gold or rhodium over sterling silver. 

You can even match the shade of the sapphire to the time of year! Choose a synthetic pink sapphire ring set in 10 carat yellow gold to fit into summer. A pair of color change stud sapphires in white cubic zirconia rhodium over silver matches the pastels of spring. This gemstone is flexible to your wardrobe and lifestyle. Whether you are running errands all day or have a dinner to attend, sapphire jewelry complements life’s occasions!

Its versatility makes sapphire a great gemstone choice to place in jewelry. There is an abundance of shades to select from and you will not have to worry about scratching the surface. Even if you’re not a September baby, give this gorgeous gemstone a shot. You’ll be at no loss for a variety of sapphire jewelry styles at JTV.

Lab created yellow sapphire and white cubic zirconia pendant with chain
Featuring: Yellow Sapphire Necklace by JTV

Frequently Asked Questions About the Birthstone of September

Where is sapphire found?

September's birthstone can be discovered across the globe. Some of the major sources of sapphire come from: Australia, Burma, Cambodia, Chin, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand and Vietnam. 

What color sapphire is most valuable?

Even though sapphires come in a range of colors, blue sapphires are deemed to be the most valuable. 

Is sapphire an expensive gem?

In general, sapphires are on the more expensive side due to their velvety, deep blues. The prices also depend on the quality and size of the gemstone.

Are sapphires symbolic?

Sapphires are thought to symbolize truth, faithfulness, sincerity, wisdom, power and strength. 

Extra Resources on September’s Birthstone

Natalie Neal

Natalie wasn't born in September but really enjoyed researching, learning and writing about sapphire. Fun fact: this is the first blog that Natalie wrote for JTV!

Natalie Neal