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The rich greens of eilat stone comes from it being a unique combination of various copper-bearing minerals including chrysocolla, malachite, azurite and turquoise. This stone is the national stone of Israel and known as King Solomon stone, as it comes from what is storied as King Solomon's mines in the Timna Valley of Israel.

Eilat Polished
Eilat Classification
Common Name Eilat
Species Rock
Eilat Optical Properties
Transparency Semitransparent - Opaque
Dispersion Strength: None
Refractive Index 1.500-1.610
Birefringence 0.025
Optic Character NA
Polariscope Reaction Aggregate (AGG)
Fluorescence SWUV: Inert
LWUV: Inert
Pleochroism None
Eilat Characteristic Physical Properties
Specific Gravity 2.800-3.200
Inclusions Eilat stone has a variegated and mottled appearance.
Luster Vitreous, Dull
Cleavage None
Eilat Chemistry & Crystallography
Crystal System NA
Chemistry Classification Rock

Eilat Colors

  • Multi-color Eilat Multi-color
  • Green Eilat Green
  • Blue Eilat Blue

Alternate Names

King Solomon Stone

Countries of Origin

Israel; India


Envision rich greens and compelling blues... picture earthy browns, grays, and forest greens... envision eilat stone. This stone is a unique combination of various copper-bearing minerals including chrysocolla, malachite, azurite, and turquoise. It's found primarily in the Timna Valley of Israel - the area where King Solomon's mines were thought to be located. It's the national stone of Israel and sometimes called the King Solomon stone. With a hardness of 6 - 7 on the Mohs scale, it's very wearable. Exercise care, especially when storing it.

More About Eilat

As old as this stone is, most folklore surrounding it is contemporary. As with all folklore, there's no science behind the contemporary belief that it will give you a sense of wholeness and completion.

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Tim Matthews


Tim Matthews

Tim Matthews is President and Chief Executive Officer of Jewelry Television® (JTV), as well as a member of the company's Board of Directors. He oversees and leads all aspects of the company's powerful omni-digital retail platform that uniquely specializes in fine jewelry and gemstones. His passion for business and gemstones has led him to become a recognized expert in the field of gemology. He is a life member of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain (Gem-A) and has earned Gem-A's highest degrees, the Gemmology (FGA) and Diamond (DGA) diplomas. He is also a Graduate Gemologist (GG) of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and has also completed GIA's Graduate Diplomas in Diamonds, Colored Stones and Pearls. Under his leadership, JTV has become the leader in the sourcing and selling of color gemstones and jewelry.

This page was created on June 27, 2014.

This page was last edited on October 24, 2019.