Verdelite Gemstone & Information | Gemopedia by JTV | Gemopedia™

Verdelite

Verdelite refers to green tourmaline that does not contain chromium. Although green is a common color of tourmaline, not all greens are valued equally. Verdelite gems come in varying shades of green; some so saturated that direct light is necessary to see the body color. From lush grass-green to electric yellow-green to olive, and even bluish green, there is a verdelite gem to fit all tastes.

Colors

Dark Green, Yellowish Green, Blueish Green, Light Green, Light Brown

  • Verdelite classification

    CommonName
    Verdelite
    Species
    Tourmaline
    Variety
    Verdelite
    Colors
    Dark Green, Yellowish Green, Blueish Green, Light Green, Light Brown
    AlternateNames
    Verdelith
    GemstoneGroups
    KeySeparations
    appearance, refractive index and high birefringence; then optic figure, pleochroism and specific gravity
    ClassificationComments
    Misnomer: Emeraldite. Not all verdelite is elbaite tourmaline Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH). Pyroelectric: development of opposite charges at the ends of a tourmaline crystal due to change in temperature. Piezoelectric: development of opposite charges at the ends of a tourmaline crystal when placed under stress.
  • Verdelite chemistry & crystallography

    ChemicalName
    complex boro-silicate of Al, Mg and Fe
    ChemicalFormula
    Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
    Synthesis
    CrystalSystem
    Trigonal
    ChemistryClassification
    Silicate
    Nature
    Natural
    Crystallinity
    Crystalline
    ChemistryComments
  • Verdelite optical properties

    Transparency
    Transparent - Opaque
    Dispersion
    Strength: moderate fire Value: 0.017
    OpticalComments
    RefractiveIndex
    1.624-1.644
    Birefringence
    0.014-0.04
    OpticCharacter
    Uniaxial
    OpticSign
    Negative
    PolariscopeReaction
    Doubly Refractive (DR)
    Fluorescence
    SWUV: Variable
    LWUV: Variable
    CCFReaction
    Pleochroism
    Dichroic, strong dark green and yellow-green
  • Verdelite characteristic physical properties

    Hardness
    7-7.5
    CharacteristicComments
    Streak
    White
    SpecificGravity
    3-3.26 Typical:3.06
    Toughness
    Good
    Inclusions
    Verdelite tourmaline is Type I clarity stone. Stones might contain liquid and gas inclusions that are long and thin, reflective gas-filled fractures and color zoning.
    Luster
    Vitreous
    Stability
    Very Good
    Fracture
    Conchoidal, Uneven
    Cleavage
    Poor, in two directions