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Vanadinite derives its name from the vanadium contained within its chemical formula. Well-formed mineral specimens are prized by collectors. It comes in red to brown, orange, and yellow. It rarely appears colorless or white. Fine mineral specimens come from Morocco and Namibia.

Vanadinite Rough
Vanadinite Classification
Common Name Vanadinite
Species Vanadinite
Vanadinite Optical Properties
Transparency Opaque-Transparent
Dispersion Strength: None
Refractive Index 2.350-2.146
Optic Character Uniaxial
Optic Sign Negative
Polariscope Reaction Aggregate (AGG), Doubly Refractive (DR)
CCF Reaction None
Pleochroism Dichroic, In transparent material weak variation of body color
Vanadinite Characteristic Physical Properties
Hardness 2.5-3
Streak White, yellow, red
Toughness Poor
Luster Resinous, Adamantine
Fracture Uneven, conchoidal
Cleavage None
Vanadinite Chemistry & Crystallography
Chemical Name Lead Chlorovanadinate
Chemical Formula Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Crystal System Hexagonal
Chemistry Classification Phosphate

Vanadinite Colors

  • Colorless Vanadinite Colorless
  • Brown Vanadinite Brown
  • Yellow Vanadinite Yellow
  • Red Vanadinite Red
  • Orange Vanadinite Orange

Countries of Origin

Austria; United States of America (the); Morocco; Namibia; Russian Federation (the); Italy; Mexico; Tunisia; Germany; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)


Vanadinite is brittle so extra care must be taken when handling specimens. It is also soluble in hydrochloric acid.

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Tim Matthews


Tim Matthews

Tim Matthews is President and Chief Executive Officer of Jewelry Television® (JTV), as well as a member of the company's Board of Directors. He oversees and leads all aspects of the company's powerful omni-digital retail platform that uniquely specializes in fine jewelry and gemstones. His passion for business and gemstones has led him to become a recognized expert in the field of gemology. He is a life member of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain (Gem-A) and has earned Gem-A's highest degrees, the Gemmology (FGA) and Diamond (DGA) diplomas. He is also a Graduate Gemologist (GG) of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and has also completed GIA's Graduate Diplomas in Diamonds, Colored Stones and Pearls. Under his leadership, JTV has become the leader in the sourcing and selling of color gemstones and jewelry.

This page was created on June 27, 2014.

This page was last edited on October 24, 2019.