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Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed of sand-sized grains. Often banded in appearance, sandstone is one of the most common types of sedimentary rock and is found throughout the world. It is often mined for use as a construction material or as a raw material used in manufacturing. This stone can be cut, polished and carved for a variety of both practical and ornamental purposes.

Sandstone Polished
Sandstone Classification
Common Name Sandstone
Species Rock
Sandstone Optical Properties
Transparency Opaque
Dispersion Strength: None
Optic Character NA
Optic Sign NA
Pleochroism None
Sandstone Characteristic Physical Properties
Hardness 4
Luster Dull
Cleavage None
Sandstone Chemistry & Crystallography
Chemical Name mostly quartz and feldspar
Crystal System NA
Chemistry Classification Rock

Sandstone Colors

  • Orange Sandstone Orange
  • Brown Sandstone Brown
  • Pink Sandstone Pink
  • Red Sandstone Red
  • Multi-color Sandstone Multi-color
  • Gray Sandstone Gray
  • Yellow Sandstone Yellow

Alternate Names


Countries of Origin

United States of America (the); China; Brazil; Australia; Jordan; India; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)

Sisk Gemology Reference

Showcasing 200 gemstones in over 1,000 pages and accompanied by more than 2,000 photos, The Sisk Gemology Reference is a must-have in every collector’s library. Each comprehensive, three-volume set features state-of-the-art photography, detailed illustrations, and scientifically precise descriptions to create an entrancing experience for gemstone amateurs and afficionados alike.

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Tim Matthews


Tim Matthews

Tim Matthews is President and Chief Executive Officer of Jewelry Television® (JTV), as well as a member of the company's Board of Directors. He oversees and leads all aspects of the company's powerful omni-digital retail platform that uniquely specializes in fine jewelry and gemstones. His passion for business and gemstones has led him to become a recognized expert in the field of gemology. He is a life member of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain (Gem-A) and has earned Gem-A's highest degrees, the Gemmology (FGA) and Diamond (DGA) diplomas. He is also a Graduate Gemologist (GG) of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and has also completed GIA's Graduate Diplomas in Diamonds, Colored Stones and Pearls. Under his leadership, JTV has become the leader in the sourcing and selling of color gemstones and jewelry.

This page was created on June 27, 2014.

This page was last edited on October 24, 2019.