Dendritic Quartz Gemstone & Information | Gemopedia by JTV | Gemopedia™

Dendritic Quartz

This agate variety is termed "dendritic" due to its internal collection of dendrites. Dendrites are fern-like inclusions of iron, manganese, or other metallic oxides that create bold patterns within the gem. Typically, dendritic agates are cut into slabs to best exhibit nature's artwork. As you might guess, these pieces are one-of-a-kinds, as no two dendritic patterns are exactly the same. The internal dendrites may appear black, dark gray, brown or green and, in rare instances, even red.

Colors

Colorless, Brown, Orange, Yellow

  • Dendritic-quartz classification

    CommonName
    Dendritic Quartz
    Species
    Quartz
    Variety
    Dendritic Quartz
    Colors
    Colorless, Brown, Orange, Yellow
    AlternateNames
    GemstoneGroups
    KeySeparations
    Refractive index, appearance, birefringence, optic character and optic figure. A bull's-eye optic figure is determinative for quartz; may also show Airy's spiral optic figure and Brazil-law twinning under crossed polarizing filters.
    ClassificationComments
    Dendrites are crystals that grow in a fractal pattern and have an appearance similar to moss or branches.
  • Dendritic-quartz chemistry & crystallography

    ChemicalName
    silicon dioxide (aka silica)
    ChemicalFormula
    SiO2
    Synthesis
    CrystalSystem
    Trigonal
    ChemistryClassification
    Silicate
    Nature
    Natural
    Crystallinity
    Crystalline
    ChemistryComments
  • Dendritic-quartz optical properties

    Transparency
    Transparent - Translucent
    Dispersion
    Strength: weak fire Value: 0.013
    OpticalComments
    RefractiveIndex
    1.544-1.553
    Tolerance:very constant
    Birefringence
    0.009
    OpticCharacter
    Uniaxial
    OpticSign
    Positive
    PolariscopeReaction
    Doubly Refractive (DR)
    Fluorescence
    SWUV:
    LWUV:
    CCFReaction
    Pleochroism
    None
  • Dendritic-quartz characteristic physical properties

    Hardness
    7
    CharacteristicComments
    Streak
    White
    SpecificGravity
    2.64-2.69 Typical:2.66
    Toughness
    Good
    Inclusions
    Dendritic quartz will have dendrite inclusions and may contain liquid, two-phase and three-phase inclusions, negative crystals, minerals, needles, rutile and iron particles.
    Luster
    Vitreous
    Stability
    Good
    Fracture
    Conchoidal
    Cleavage
    None