Chrysotile Gemstone & Information | Gemopedia by JTV | Gemopedia™

Chrysotile

Chrysotile, a fibrous form of serpentine, is also a major source of asbestos worldwide. Its color ranges from white to gray, yellowish brown to brown, and shades of green. Chrysotile has a fibrous, splintery fracture, no cleavage and silky luster. Chrysotile is used most commonly for industrial purposes.

Colors

Gray To Green Sometimes With Yellow To Brownish Hue

  • Chrysotile classification

    CommonName
    Chrysotile
    Species
    Chrysotile
    Variety
    Colors
    Gray To Green Sometimes With Yellow To Brownish Hue
    AlternateNames
    GemstoneGroups
    Serpentine
    KeySeparations
    RI, magnification, spectrum, appearance and surface condition
    ClassificationComments
    Chrysotile is the most common form of asbestos.
  • Chrysotile chemistry & crystallography

    ChemicalName
    hydrous magnesium phyllosilicate
    ChemicalFormula
    Mg3Si2O5(OH)4
    Synthesis
    CrystalSystem
    Monoclinic
    ChemistryClassification
    Silicate
    Nature
    Natural
    Crystallinity
    Aggregate
    ChemistryComments
  • Chrysotile optical properties

    Transparency
    Translucent - Opaque
    Dispersion
    OpticalComments
    RefractiveIndex
    1.53-1.549
    Birefringence
    0.001
    OpticCharacter
    Biaxial
    OpticSign
    PolariscopeReaction
    Aggregate (AGG)
    Fluorescence
    SWUV:
    LWUV:
    CCFReaction
    Pleochroism
    Unobservable
  • Chrysotile characteristic physical properties

    Hardness
    2.5
    CharacteristicComments
    Streak
    White
    SpecificGravity
    2.5-2.63
    Toughness
    Inclusions
    Chrysotile is fibrous and often mottled or veined.
    Luster
    Silky
    Stability
    Fracture
    Uneven, Granular, Splintery
    Cleavage
    Perfect, in one direction