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Red beryl or bixbite is the slightly purplish red to orange-red variety of beryl. It was discovered in 1904 in the Thomas Range of Utah by Maynard Bixby. Gem quality red beryl was found in 1958 in the Wah Wah Mountains of Beaver Creek, Utah. The material is typically included and faceted stones above 1ct are rare. Synthetic red beryl was produced in a Russian lab starting in the 1990’s but it is not known to be currently in production.

Bixbite Polished
Bixbite Classification
Common Name Bixbite
Species Beryl
Bixbite Optical Properties
Transparency Opaque-Transparent
Dispersion Strength: Weak Fire Value: 0.014
Refractive Index 1.556-1.602 Tolerance: +0.002/-0.003
Birefringence 0.006- 0.008
Optic Character Uniaxial
Optic Sign Negative
Polariscope Reaction Doubly Refractive (DR)
Fluorescence SWUV: Inert
LWUV: Inert
Pleochroism Dichroic, purplish red to red to orange-red
Bixbite Characteristic Physical Properties
Hardness 7.5-8
Specific Gravity 2.630-2.792
Toughness Good
Inclusions Often highly included. Possible inclusions are liquid filled inclusions, fingerprints, two and/or three phase inclusions, hollow or liquid-filled tubes, small crystals or grains.
Luster Vitreous
Stability Fair
Fracture Conchoidal, uneven
Cleavage Poor
Bixbite Chemistry & Crystallography
Chemical Name beryllium aluminum silicate
Chemical Formula Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal System Hexagonal
Chemistry Classification Silicate

Bixbite Colors

  • Red Bixbite Red

Alternate Names

Red Beryl; Bayez Bixbite(TM)

Countries of Origin

United States of America (the); Unknown; Russian Federation (the); Mexico; Switzerland; India


Picture a raspberry at its peak ripeness. Robust. Almost red... but not quite. It's the quintessential deep, dark pink. That's bixbite. This ultra-rare, red gemstone is a member of the beryl family and a "sibling" stone to aquamarine and emerald. It has been incorrectly called the "red emerald". It is NOT an emerald, and we believe it's misleading to use that term for it. It is bixbite, named for the man who discovered it in 1904, Maynard Bixby. It's the rarest member of the beryl family and was discovered in the United States, which remains the only significant source of natural bixbite. Unfortunately, bixbite is so rare it's prohibitively expensive. That's why lab-created bixbite is a welcome addition to the options available to us. Lab-created bixbite has all the color that put natural bixbite on the map. And, because we make it in a lab, it's practically perfect in every way.


Bixbite is often oiled or infused with resin to improve clarity. Avoid ultrasonic cleaners, and harsh chemicals.

More About Bixbite

Although bixbite is a relative newcomer to the gem world, those who believe in the metaphysical properties of stones say that it may add harmony to relationships and enhance creativity. There's no scientific evidence that supports those beliefs, but we believe that it can add a harmonious tone to a relationship when given as a gift of love.

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Bixbite in Rhyolite

Bixbite in rhyolite comes from the Ruby Violet Mine in the Wah Wah Mountains of Utah. About 18 to 20 million years ago a topaz rhyolite was created during the Blawn Formation volcanic eruption. Superheated beryllium-rich water and gases invaded cracks and fractures in the rhyolite to allow formation of the red beryl. The red beryl in this material would be too small to facet but makes attractive cabochons situated in the rhyolite matrix.

Bixbite in Rhyolite Bixbite
Bixbite in Rhyolite Classification
Common Name Bixbite in Rhyolite
Tim Matthews


Tim Matthews

Tim Matthews is President and Chief Executive Officer of Jewelry Television® (JTV), as well as a member of the company's Board of Directors. He oversees and leads all aspects of the company's powerful omni-digital retail platform that uniquely specializes in fine jewelry and gemstones. His passion for business and gemstones has led him to become a recognized expert in the field of gemology. He is a life member of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain (Gem-A) and has earned Gem-A's highest degrees, the Gemmology (FGA) and Diamond (DGA) diplomas. He is also a Graduate Gemologist (GG) of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and has also completed GIA's Graduate Diplomas in Diamonds, Colored Stones and Pearls. Under his leadership, JTV has become the leader in the sourcing and selling of color gemstones and jewelry.

This page was created on June 27, 2014.

This page was last edited on October 24, 2019.