Barite Gemstone & Information | Gemopedia by JTV | Gemopedia™

Barite

This mineral is most often white or colorless, but can form in an array of colors. It is prized among collectors for its various crystal forms and habits. Barite can be easily identified by its weightiness, as it is much heavier than most similar minerals.

Colors

Yellow, Brown, Colorless, Pink, Red, Green, Blue

  • Barite classification

    CommonName
    Barite
    Species
    Barite
    Variety
    Colors
    Yellow, Brown, Colorless, Pink, Red, Green, Blue
    AlternateNames
    Baryte, Heavyspar, Desert Rose
    GemstoneGroups
    KeySeparations
    RI, SG, cleavage, lack of pleochroism
    ClassificationComments
  • Barite chemistry & crystallography

    ChemicalName
    barium sulfate
    ChemicalFormula
    BaSO4
    Synthesis
    CrystalSystem
    Orthorhombic
    ChemistryClassification
    Nature
    Natural
    Crystallinity
    Crystalline
    ChemistryComments
  • Barite optical properties

    Transparency
    Transparent - Opaque
    Dispersion
    Strength: weak fire
    OpticalComments
    RefractiveIndex
    1.636-1.648
    Tolerance:(+0.001/-0.002)
    Birefringence
    0.012
    OpticCharacter
    Biaxial
    OpticSign
    Positive
    PolariscopeReaction
    Doubly Refractive (DR)
    Fluorescence
    SWUV: Variable
    LWUV: Variable
    CCFReaction
    Pleochroism
    None
  • Barite characteristic physical properties

    Hardness
    3-3.5
    CharacteristicComments
    Streak
    White
    SpecificGravity
    4.3-4.4 Range:0.10 Typical:4.5
    Toughness
    Poor
    Inclusions
    Luster
    Vitreous
    Stability
    Poor
    Fracture
    Uneven
    Cleavage
    Perfect, in two directions