saf-ahyuh r

This mineral is most often white or colorless, but can form in an array of colors. It is prized among collectors for its various crystal forms and habits. Barite can be easily identified by its weightiness, as it is much heavier than most similar minerals.

Barite Rough
Barite Classification
Common Name Barite
Species Barite
Barite Optical Properties
Transparency Transparent - Opaque
Dispersion Strength: Weak Fire
Refractive Index 1.636-1.648
Birefringence 0.012
Optic Character Biaxial
Optic Sign Positive
Polariscope Reaction Doubly Refractive (DR)
Fluorescence SWUV: Variable
LWUV: Variable
Pleochroism None
Barite Characteristic Physical Properties
Hardness 3-3.5
Streak White
Specific Gravity 4.300-4.400 Range:0.100 Typical:4.500
Toughness Poor
Luster Vitreous
Stability Poor
Fracture Uneven
Cleavage Perfect, in two directions
Barite Chemistry & Crystallography
Chemical Name barium sulfate
Chemical Formula BaSO4
Crystal System Orthorhombic

Barite Colors

  • Green Barite Green
  • Yellow Barite Yellow
  • Colorless Barite Colorless
  • Brown Barite Brown
  • Blue Barite Blue
  • White Barite White
  • Gray Barite Gray
  • Pink Barite Pink
  • Red Barite Red

Alternate Names

Baryte, Heavyspar, Desert Rose

Countries of Origin

Canada; Romania; United States of America (the); Unknown; China; India; Spain; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)

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Tim Matthews


Tim Matthews

Tim Matthews is President and Chief Executive Officer of Jewelry Television® (JTV), as well as a member of the company's Board of Directors. He oversees and leads all aspects of the company's powerful omni-digital retail platform that uniquely specializes in fine jewelry and gemstones. His passion for business and gemstones has led him to become a recognized expert in the field of gemology. He is a life member of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain (Gem-A) and has earned Gem-A's highest degrees, the Gemmology (FGA) and Diamond (DGA) diplomas. He is also a Graduate Gemologist (GG) of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and has also completed GIA's Graduate Diplomas in Diamonds, Colored Stones and Pearls. Under his leadership, JTV has become the leader in the sourcing and selling of color gemstones and jewelry.

This page was created on June 27, 2014.

This page was last edited on October 24, 2019.